Dementia is the general name for a decline in cognitive abilities that impacts a person's ability to perform everyday activities. This typically involves problems with memory, thinking, and behavior.... Wikipedia

  • Specialty:  Neurology, psychiatry
  • Symptoms:  Decreased ability to think and remember, emotional problems, problems with language, decreased motivation
  • Usual onset:  Gradual
  • Duration:  Long term
  • Causes:  Alzheimer's disease, vascular disease, Lewy body disease and frontotemporal lobar degeneration.
  • Diagnostic method:  Cognitive testing (mini–mental state examination)
  • Differential diagnosis:  Delirium, hypothyroidism
  • Prevention:  Early education, prevent high blood pressure, prevent obesity, no smoking, social engagement
  • Medication:  Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (small benefit)
  • Treatment:  Supportive care
  • Frequency:  55 million (2021)
  • Deaths:  2.4 million (2016)
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